Bradykinesia

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What is Bradykinesia? Bradykinesia is very slow motion of all muscle movements.  You can describe it as impaired muscle activity. It includes slow reflexes.  Examples are weightless spaceflight motion and catatonic schizophrenia.   [1] Bradykinesia Definition Bradykinesia is most often seen as a sign of Parkinson’s Disease, though there are other causes for it. The loss of motor control in sequential activities that once were typically fast and easy and now have become dreadfully slow is a form of bradykinesia.  It can be a symptom of a central nervous system disorder or even a side effect  from some prescriptions. [3] Bradykinesia Causes Bradykinesia starts within the central nervous system. The appropriate […]

Porencephaly Cyst CT

Porencephaly Cyst

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Porencephaly Cyst Definition Porencephaly is a very rare disorder of the central nervous system resulting in cerebrospinal fluid in cavities or cysts within the brain.   The localized encephalomalacia (brain softening) is usually because of hemorrhage or inflammation of that portion of the brain.  A less common form is inherited. [2] It is possible that the fetus essentially had a stroke. It may develop before or after birth. It is usually found in infants or very young children. These cavities or cysts may be mild enough to not be noticed. Or they may be severe enough to show physical and mental disorders. [1] Symptoms of Porencephalic Cyst Some patients show no […]

Exploding Head Syndrome

Exploding Head Syndrome

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What is Exploding Head Syndrome? The exploding head syndrome sounds like it comes from a science fiction movie, but it is a real phenomenon which remains a medical mystery.  People experience a loud and frightening noise, like a loud bang, a shotgun, a roar, thunder, etc. It happens either while the patient is falling asleep or right after falling asleep. The sound is sudden and awakens them.  Fear and anxiety follows, along with a surge of adrenaline.  It is a common sleep disorder which is not harmful but it is stressful and disturbing for the patient.  [1] Actually it seems that most people have this sort of incident at some […]

odontoma pictures

Odontoma

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What is Odontoma? Odontoma is a specific type of tumor that is benign and located in your mouth. It is made of all or some of the tissues that make your teeth. However, these tissues may or may not be arranged in the form of a tooth.  It may not be visible to the naked eye.  It is a mass of enamel, dentin, pulp and cementum that usually grows at the same rate as teeth. However, this mass is disorganized and any one of the components may become the dominant part.[1] Odontoma is most often found in people around age 14 as a tooth that has not emerged. [3] More […]

Fordyce spots upper lip

Fordyce Spots

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What are Fordyce spots? Fordyce spot, otherwise known as “fordyce granule”, is a fairly common, non-infectious condition that affects the skin of the genital area as well as the face. uncommon locations are the buccal mucosa as well as the esophagus. Moreover, fordyce spots are considered to be natural-occuring and does not pose a great risk to the patient’s overall health condition. Epidemiology Fordyce spots have no known gender preference; meaning, it can affect both men and women, with no significant difference in prevalence rates. it has no known age partiality too. It can occur throughout an individual’s life span and there are no known associations or relationship with any […]

Acanthosis Nigricans pictures

Acanthosis Nigricans

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What is Acanthosis Nigricans Acanthosis nigricans is a condition where there is an occurrence of discoloration in the skin. This discoloration normally occurs in areas where there are folds, such as the folds in the side of the neck as well as the posterior folds. Moreover, it has been recognized that indeed, the condition highly predisposes children to develop diabetes. As an added tidbit of information, the first recorded incident of acanthosis nigricans is dated back in the late 1880s in Germany. It was first observed by Unna and Pollitzer. Although in the earlier part of 1880s, a suspected case of acanthosis nigricans was discovered by Addison; however, he misdiagnosed […]

Cherry Angioma

Cherry Angioma

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Cherry Angioma Cherry angiomas are quite common types of vascular lesions that appear on the skin. They are usually dilated capillaries or the excessive clumping of blood vessels. They may appear as cherry-red papules or purplish in color. Cherry angiomas are also known as Campbell De Morgan spots after the British surgeon who first took notice of these clusters of lesions. Senile angioma is another name given as its proliferation increases over age.[1] Cherry angiomas are known to increase with age, specifically after 40 years old. The exact cause is still unknown but it can appear to any areas of the skin. Most often they appear on the torso.[2] These […]

leukoplakia

Leukoplakia

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What is Leukoplakia? Leukoplakia is a condition wherein white or gray patches appear in some parts of the mouth, predominantly in the buccal mucosa and the tongue. However, leukoplakia is not limited as an oral disorder alone, as it may also appear in the genital area of the female. Moreover, it may be hyperkeratotic in nature, meaning there is hypertrophy or overgrowth of the stratum corneum. In addition, the patches in leukoplakia cannot be removed by the simple use of a gauze swab. Essentially, the World Health Organization or WHO have defined leukoplakia as the general name to distinguish plaques that are particularly white in color, which entails moot possibilities […]

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis

Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis

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Definition Epidermodysplasia verruciformis, otherwise known as, Lutz-Lewandowsky epidermodysplasia verruciformis or Lewandowsky-Lutz dysplasia is a genetic disorder of the skin that is very rare in nature. It is particularly an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, with 10 to 20% of the cases being so. Patients who inherited the disease in an autosomal recessive pattern are products of marriages that are consanguineous. Other cases, however, are sporadic, autosomal dominant and sex-linked in its fashion of transmission. Moreover, epidermodysplasia verruciformis poses a high risk for progressing to malignant tumor or carcinoma of the skin from being a mere benign viral cutaneous lesion at the onset of the disease. The condition specifically predisposes the patient to […]

Arthrogryposis picture photo

Arthrogryposis

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What is Arthrogryposis? Arthrogryposis is a non progressive neuro-musculoskeletal, congenital disorder characterized by various joint contractures. It is also known as arthrogryposis multiplex congenital (AMC). Contractures, muscle weakness, stiffness, poor mobility or immobility and fibrosis are usually the presenting signs and symptoms of this condition. The term “arthrogryposis” is derived from the Greek terms “arthro,” which means joint and “gryp” meaning curved. [6] Classification (Types) Arthrogryposis consists of various subgroups (types) depending on the signs and symptoms as well as the causes. The different classifications of arthrogryposis would also depend on the joints affected. Some of the most common classifications include but are not limited to: Arthrogryposis ectodermal dysplasia Arthrogryposis […]

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